Laparoscopic surgery, also known as laparoscopy, is a type of operation which uses a laparoscope and other small instruments to perform internal surgical procedures. During a laparoscopy, the laparoscope and other small tools are inserted into the patient’s body through two to four small incisions in the abdomen, each five to ten millimeters in length. Through these small incisions, it is then possible to operate on the internal organs in the abdomen or pelvic area, by looking at the images in the area of operation via a video monitor connected to the laparoscope. So, when we talk about gynecologic laparoscopy, we are referring to a type of laparoscopy which is used to treat a range of conditions affecting the internal organs in the female pelvic cavity. This includes the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other nearby organs.